This page is one of the annex pages of www.understandfrance.org, the foremost site on Franco-American intercultural differences. It contains documents, facts and figures illustrating the content of some of its pages.

Facts & figures

This page contains Facts and Figures about France and the French. Some are significant, other less so....

(credit)
Financing education in France  
(2010) $ per student

% public

financing

% of GNP

R&D as

% of GNP

for corporations
France $ 9,001 84,5% 1,4% 2,11% 1,32%
USA $ 24,230 31,6% 3,1% 2,77% 2,01%
Germany $ 8,534 84,7% 1,1% 2,64% 1,85%
minimum EU $ 4,637 (Poland) 35,8% (UK) 0,9% (Italy) 1,35% (Spain) 0,6% (Italy)
maximum EU $ 10,552 (Austria) 95,7% (Finland) 1,7% (Denmark) 3,73% (Finland) 2,77% (Finland)
OECD $ 8,970 n/a 1,5% 2,33% 1,63%

(Source : OECD 2010)

France 2004 Number of students Euros per year per student
Pre-school & Primary school 6 600 000 4,500
High school 5 500 000 7,400 (first 3 years) & 10,170 (4th to 7th)
Technical cursus 380 000 n/a
University students : 2 270 000 n/a
incl. : universities stricto sensu 1 354 000 6,700
incl. : "Grandes écoles" 190 000 n/a
incl. : "classes préparatoires" 73 000 13,760
incl. : others (technical) 653 000 n/a

(Source : Ministry of Education 2004)

 High school programs in France  

Program in hours per week of the 3 years of "lycée" (the equivalent of "high school") : "seconde" (i.e."sophomore"), "première (i.e. "junior) and "terminale" (i.e. "senior") for the three different cursus : "L" (i.e. "literary"), "ES" (i.e. "economic and social") and "S" (i.e. "science").

Section S is the most prestigious : it is practically required to be admitted in a "classe préparatoire" after "terminale)

  • in France, elementary school "école primaire" (i.e. from Grade 1 to 5) is followed by:
  • "college" (from Grade 6 to 9), then :
  • "lycee" (from Grade 10 to 12, roughly the equivalent of "high school") : this is what is represented on the opposite chart
  • List 1 : economy or art or technology or engineering or scientific methods or health and social or biotech or lab sciences or literature
  • List 2 : arts or mathematics or language 3 or latin or greek
  • List 3 : art or mathematics or language or law (for L), mathematics or political science or economy (for ES), mathematics or physics-chemistry or biology-geology or computers (for S)
  • Source : Le Monde 10/3/2010
 
Hours per week "seconde" "première" 'terminale"
     
L
ES
S
L
ES
S
French
4h
4h
4h
4h
History-geography
3h
4h
4h
4h
4h
4h
2h
Languages 1 & 2
5h30
4h30
4h30
4h30
4h
4h
4h
Mathematics
4h
3h
4h
4h
6h
Physics-chemistry
3h
1h30
1h30
3h
5h
Biology-geology
1h30
3h
3h30
Sports
2h
2h
2h
2h
2h
2h
2h
Ethics-civics
0h30
0h30
0h30
0h30
0h30
0h30
0h30
Economy (read how biaised the program is)
1h30
5h
5h
French literature
2h
2h
Foreign literature (in foreign language)
2h
1h30
Philosophy
8h
4h
3h
TOTAL (for all students of each cursus)
23h30
20h30
24h30
25h
22h
23h30
26h
Individual tutoring
2h
2h
2h
2h
2h
2h
2h
Personal multidisciplinary work
1h
1h
1h
One course on list 1
1h30
One course on list 2
3h
One course on list 3
3 to 5h
1h30
2h
Optional : art workshop
0 to 6h
0 to 6h
0 to 6h
0 to 6h
0 to 6h
0 to 6h
0 to 6h
TOTAL (except optional)
27h
26h30
27h30
28h
27 to 29h
27h
30h

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Harriet Welty Rochefort writes articles and books about France and the French. Order her books:

  • "Joie de Vivre", Secrets of Wining, Dining and Romancing like the French, St.Martin's Press, New York, 2012
  • "French Toast, An American in Paris Celebrates The Maddening Mysteries of the French", St.Martin's Press, New York, 1999
  • "French Fried, The Culinary Capers of An American in Paris", St.Martin's Press, New York, 2001

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