This page is one of the annex pages of www.understandfrance.org, the foremost site on Franco-American intercultural differences. It contains documents, facts and figures illustrating the content of some of its pages.

Facts & figures

 

This page contains Facts and Figures about France and the French. Some are significant, other less so....

(credit)

Sciences and research

Best French research centers which are NOT universities (Source CNRS - published in Les Echos 12/3/2007):
 Institution  Number of publications 1996-2006  Impact = citations per publication  Global ranking  Comment
 CNRS (Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)  47,143

 11
 32  Global #8 in chemistry
 CEA (Commissariat à l'Energie Atomique)  23,218

 11
 100  
 Institut Pasteur  11,568

 22
 103  Global #2 in microbiology
 INRA (Institut National de Recherche Agronomique)  18,525

 11
 145  Global #2 in agricultural sciences and in vegetal and animal biology
 INSERM (Institut National de Recherche Médicale)  10,686

 14
 215  
 Institut Curie  3,259

 21
 443  
 Collège de France  2,790

 19
 518  
 Observatoire de Paris  3,780

 23
 570  
 ESRF (European Synchrotron Radiation Facility)  3,867

 10
 664  
 ILL (Institut Laue-Langevin)  3,201

 10
 744  
 Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle  3,537

 6
 897  
 Institut d'Astrophysique  1,177

 19
 961  
 IFREMER (Institut Français de Recherche sur la Mer)  2,131

 9
 1029  
 CEA Saclay  1,195

 16
 1039  
 INRIA (Institut Français de Recherche en Informatique et Automatique)  3,592

 5
 1061  

Regarding the universities, the results are less than flattering :
 Paris VI  25,053

 10
 104  Global #1 in mathematics, excellent rankings in chemistry, physics,...
 Paris XI  20,271

 11
 132  Excellent ranking in physics
 Strasbourg I  12,367

 15
 164  Excellent ranking in chemistry
 Paris VII  10,697

 11
 285  
 Lyon I  11,918

 9
 297  
 Grenoble I  9,931

 10
 315  
 Montpellier II  9,628

 9
 348  
 Ecole Polytechnique  10,142

 9
 363  
 Ecole Normale Supérieure  6,085

 13
 365  

More about rankings....

Environmental data
 
 

 CO2

 ESI

 IDE
 France

 217,5

 55,2

 14
 USA

 522,1

 52,9

 18
 UK

 298,9

 50,2

 27
 Germany

 349,5

 56,9

 19
 Italy

 300,5

 50,1

 25
 Sweden

 n/a

 n/a

 3 (best)
 Japan

 n/a

 n/a

 24
 Switzerland

 136,5 (best)

 63,7 (best)

 n/a
  •  CO2 = tons of CO2 / million US$ of GNP (source : IMD 2006)
  • ESI = Yale Environmental Sustainability Index 2005 (includes 76 data)
  • IDE = Index of Environmental Sustainability (World Economic Forum, 2002) (68 data)
  • Back to Environment page.

Back to page Environment

North-South

Socialization and political culture : the North/South difference : Arval (Association pour la Recherche sur les Systèmes de Valeurs) is a sociological team which publishes comparative studies between European countries and studies of the evolution of values. The last published survey (Futuribles, Les Valeurs des Européens, N°277 Juillet 2002) illustrates clearly the difference between Northern Europe (Protestant) and Southern Europe (Catholic)
 Country  Index of confidence in other people  Member of an association  Politization index    % of members of a labor union in 2000
Northern  Sweden  64  96    81
Europe  Denmark  64  84  60  87,5
 Netherlands  59  93  72  27
 Finland  57  80  30  79
 Germany  33  51  60  29,7
 Austria  31  67  64  39,8
 Great-Britain  29  34  38  29,5
 Belgium  28  66  42  69,2
 Luxembourg  25  59  52  50
Southern  Ireland  35  57  43  44,5
Europe  France  21  40  40  9,1
 Spain  36  31  27  
 Italy  32  42  39  35,4
 Greece  18  48  44  32,5
 Portugal  10  24  33  30
Altogether  Europe  31  46  45  

 This comparative study (along with many other studies) illustrates the well-known North/South split (civic sense, importance of being part of a community, collective values, ...). Here again, France is in an intermediary position.

Miscellaneous
  • The first brownser was developed by two scientists of the Centre Européen de Recherche Nucléaire (CERN), Robert CAILLEAU and Tim BERNERS who invented the "www." On April 30, 1993, the (French) director of CERN declared "Web technologies belong to mankind : they are free of rights and can be used freely". No patent was taken. One year later, Netscape patented it and started selling it !
  • Largest gold reserves (Sept.2009) in tons (source : IHT 7 Nov.2009) :
    • USA : 8,134
    • Germany : 3,408
    • Int.Monetary Fund : 3,017
    • Italy : 2,452
    • France : 2,445
    • China : 1,054
    • Switzerland : 1,040
    • Japan : 765
    • Netherlands : 613
    • Russia : 568
    • India : 557
    • European Central Bank : 501

    Back to money

     

 
  • Number of new patents in 2010 (Source : OMPI, Le Figaro Feb.11, 2010) :
    • #1 USA : 44 855,
    • #2 Japan : 32 156,
    • #3 Germany : 17 171,
    • #4 China : 12 337,
    • #5 Korea : 9 686,
    • #6 France 7 193,
    • #7 UK : 4 857,
    • #8 Netherlands : 4 097,
    • #9 Switzerland : 3 611
    • ,#10 Sweden : 3 152
  •  Inward investment in France in 2005 (source : Invest in France Agency 2006) :
     USA

     29,0%
     Belg.

     4,6%
     China

     1,9%
     Germ.

     20,1%
     Neth.

     3,8%
     Canada

     1,5%
     UK

     8,8%
     Spain

     3,8%
     Denm.

     1,4%
     Sweden

     7,5%
     Italy

     3,4%
     Turk.

     1,4%
     Japan

     4,8%
     Switz.

     2,0%
     Misc.

     6,0%
    That same year (AmCham, 2005), US firms held $55 billion in France in investment stock when France firms held $143 billion in the US. Back to US corporations in France.

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Harriet Welty Rochefort writes articles and books about France and the French. Order her books:

  • "Joie de Vivre", Secrets of Wining, Dining and Romancing like the French, St.Martin's Press, New York, 2012
  • "French Toast, An American in Paris Celebrates The Maddening Mysteries of the French", St.Martin's Press, New York, 1999
  • "French Fried, The Culinary Capers of An American in Paris", St.Martin's Press, New York, 2001

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