This page is one of the annex pages of www.understandfrance.org, the foremost site on Franco-American intercultural differences. It contains documents, facts and figures illustrating the content of some of its pages.

Facts & figures

 

This page contains Facts and Figures about France and the French. Some are significant, other less so....

(credit)

Management

Intercultural management : with questionnaires for more than 100,000 employees of IBM, all over the world, Geert Hofstede (1991, 2002) has identified 5 dimensions to assess intercultural management differences (see more details). Here are the numbers (quoted by R.Hill) :
 

 Individualism vs Collectivism

 Power Distance

 Uncertainty Avoidance

 Masculinity vs Feminity

 Long Term vs Short Term
 Austria

 55

 11

 70

 79
 
 Belgium

 75

 65

 94

 54
 
 Denmark

 74

 18

 23

 16
 
 Finland

 63

 33

 59

 26
 
 France

 71

 68

 86

 43

 39
 Germany

 67

 35

 65

 66
 
 Greece

 35

 60

 112

 57
 
 Ireland

 70

 28

 35

 68
 
 Italy

 76

 50

 75

 70
 
 Netherlands

 80

 38

 53

 14
 
 Norway

 69

 31

 50

 8
 
 Portugal

 27

 63

 104

 31
 
 Spain

 51

 57

 86

 42
 
 Sweden

 71

 31

 29

 5
 
 Switzerland

 68

 34

 58

 70
 
 United Kingdom

 89

 35

 35

 66
 
 USA

 91

 40

 46

 62

 29

 

Educational background of the 349 members of the executives boards of the 40 largest French companies (listed in the CAC40 Index) in 2007 (Source : Le Figaro March 25, 2008) :
 Ecole Polytechnique (X)  17,2%  "Grandes Ecoles d'Ingénieurs" outside Paris  15,7%
 Ecole Nationale d'Administration (ENA)  12,9%  Business schools outside Paris  4%
 Hautes Etudes Commerciales (HEC)  9,2%  University  13,7%
 Other Parisian "Grandes Ecoles"  20,5%  Other  6,8%

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 Taxes and benefits    

Taxes are very high in France (top marginal tax rates 1999, source:OECD) : click here for more facts on taxes in France

 Country

 Income Tax

 Corporate Tax

 Total % Tax/GNP(1996)
 Netherlands

 60

 35

 44,0
 Belgium

 55

 39

 46,5
 FRANCE

 54

 36,6

 45,3
 Germany

 53

 40

 39,2
 Austria

 50

 34
 
 Luxembourg

 46

 30

 44,0
 Ireland

 46

 28

 33,8
 Italy

 45,5

 37

 41,3
 Britain

 40

 31

 35,3
 Portugal

 40

 34

 33,8
 Spain

 39,6

 35

 34,0
 Finland

 38

 28
 
 Sweden

 57,7

 28
 
 Denmark

 24,2

 32

 51,3
 U.S.A.

 39,6

 35

 27,9
 Japan

 37

 34,5

 28,5
       

 

Minimum public allowance in case of unemployment : (source : UNEDIC)

   for ...(days)  % of "salaire de référence" (now 1220 Euros) Average length of unemployment in months (OECD 2004)
 France  122 to 1825 40% to 50%  16,7
 Germany  182 to 974  6% to 67%  
 Austria  140 to 365  56% +  
 Belgium  unlimited  60%  
 Denmark  1365  90%  
 Spain  120 to 720  70%  19,9
 Finland  500  60% (approx)  11,7
 Greece  125 to 300  40 to 50%  
 Ireland  156 to 390  366 Euros +  
 Italy  180  30%  
 Luxembourg  365 to 730  85%  
 Netherlands  130 to 1295  70%  
 Portugal  305 to 900  65%  
 UK  182  183 to 328 Euros  
 Sweden  300 to 450  80%  
AVERAGE EUROPE  297 to 726  717 Euros  12,2 (OECD)
 USA      4,8
 Canada      4,4
 
 Economy    
  Strikes : number of days per 1000 workers 1998-2004 (source : Observatoire Européen des Relations Industrielles 2005)
 Denmark  218  Finland  44  Belgium  20
 Spain  166  Greece  43  Portugal  20
 Italy  93  Europe  43  Luxembourg  19
 Norway  80  France  37  Netherlands  10
 Austria  59  Sweden  27  Poland  5,4
 Ireland  53  UK  26  Germany  2,9
  Number of patents by country, as a % of the total number of patents (2002, source : OECD)
 USA  35,6%  United-Kingdom  4%
 Japan  25,6%  Italy  1,6%
 Germany  14,1%  Canada  1,3%
 France  4,8%  Spain  0,2%
Global market share for luxury goods (Source : AT.Kearney, Nov.2006) in % of turnover of the 270 main luxury companies
 France  Italy  USA  Switzerl.  Others
 34%  20%  14%  6%  26%
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 Environment    
 Discharge of CO2 in the atmosphere, in tons per inhabitant (source UN Statistics Division, 2002)
 Country  Rank  Tons/inhab.
 Qatar

 1

 53,1
 Trinitad-Tobago

 2

 31,9
 Bahrein

 3

 30,6
 UAE

 4

 25,1
 Kuweit

 5

 24,6
 Luxembourg

 6

 21,1
 USA

 7

 20,1
 Australia

 8

 18,3
 Brunei

 9

 17,7
 Canada

 10

 16,5
 .......    
 Germany

 24

 9,8
 .......    
 France

 50

 6,2
 
another source (OECD, 1997) gives the following global numbers
 million tons

 NOX

 CO2
 USA

 21,4

 5,3
 France

 1,6

 0,4
 Germany

 1,8

 0,9
 UK

 1,2

 0,6
 Japan

 n/a

 1,2
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Harriet Welty Rochefort writes articles and books about France and the French. Order her books:

  • "Joie de Vivre", Secrets of Wining, Dining and Romancing like the French, St.Martin's Press, New York, 2012
  • "French Toast, An American in Paris Celebrates The Maddening Mysteries of the French", St.Martin's Press, New York, 1999
  • "French Fried, The Culinary Capers of An American in Paris", St.Martin's Press, New York, 2001

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